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Kashgar, the Ancient Islamic World

Why we recommend
As the frontier city of China, Kashgar leaves each traveler with life-long memory. In thistory, kashgar used to be the capital city of Shule Kingdom in the Han (202BC-220) and the Tang (618-907) Dynasties. And in the Han Dynasty, the city locates on the joint point of the middle route and south route of ancient Silk Road and it was the oldest and most important trading hub in Turkestan. From the 11th century on, Kashgar gradually grew as the curtural capital of Islamic world. Till today the city still keeps thick Islamic religious taste and folk customs that totally different from body part of China. Central-China culture, ancient Indian and Persian music and dance met and exchanged in Kashgar and finally produce the distinctive kashgar culture. One who has not been to Kashgar can never understand real Xinjiang. Kashgar travel will give you a chance to know more about Xinjiang culture. If you’re planning a Kashgar Silk Road tour, you can take the following for reference.

Key word for Kashgar tour: Silk Road Cities, Id Kah Mosque, Abakh Khoja Tomb, Kashgar Bazaar, Sunday Market.

What to see in Kashgar

Id Kah Mosque
Id Kah Mosque locates at center of Kashgar city and it is the largest existed mosque in China. It is also the largest activation center of all Muslims in Xinjiang. That grand mosque was orginally bult in 1442 in the Ming Dynasty and after several times’ enlargement got its nowadays appearance . Id Kah means prayer place in holidays. The whole mosque is grand in scale and refined in layout. It is 140 meters long from south to north and 120 meters wide from west to east. The gate of the mosque is covered with decorative cutting and it takes light green as the dominate color. Inside the gate is the broad inner square. Next to the inner square are the Prayer Hall and Teaching Hall which are typical Islamic architecture. Id Kah Mosque is both the religious center of Muslims and the gathering spot in Corban and Id al-fitr. On each prayer days and festival day, thousands of Muslims perform prayer in prayer hall, the inner square and even on the ground outside the Mosque.
Entrance Fee: RMB20 per person all year round
Opening hours: prayer performing time is not open to tourists
Public Transportation: Bus NO. 77, No. 13
Tips for Id Kah Mosque visiting

  1. Married ladies can not enter the mosque without permission.
  2. Tourists need to take shoes off when enter the mosque.
  3. If tourists want to take photos about Muslims’ prayer in the mosque, please make sure to get permission for the mosque keeper in advance. And when taking photos please avoid standing in front or on left or right side of them.
  4. For shutterbugs it is better to arrive at the Id Kah Square before 07:00 and climb to the top of the market building standing on right edge of the square.

Abakh Khoja Tomb
Abakh Khoia Tomb lies about 5 kilometers east to Kashgar city at Hanhao Villages, covering an area of about 2 hectares. The tomb is a typical architecture complex of ancient Muslim architecture and also the burial land of a famous Islamic family in Kashgar area. It is said there were 72 family members buried there. Emperor Qianlong’s favored concubine- Xiangfei(fragrant Concubine) was also said to be buried here. So the tomb is better known as Xiangfei Tomb in Chinese. Xiangfei spent 28 years in Beijing but she strictly performed Islamic doctrines throughout her life. After her death her boday was delivered to her hometown and was buried with her family. According to archaeological findings, the authentic tomb of Xiang Fei is in the East Qing Tomb near Beijing. And her tomb in her family tomb land is actually the tomb of her clothes.
Entrance Fee: RMB30 per person all year round.
Opening Hours: 08:00-17:00
Public Transportation: Bus No. 20 from downtown Kashgar

Kashgar Bazaar
The bazaar locates at Doongmen of Kashgar city. It is the largest international trading market in northwestern China. Kashgar was the historical cultural city along ancient Silk Road and also the trading post. All the businessmen and travelers who started from Changan, regardless thay they traveled through southern Tianshan Route or northern Tianshan route, would meet in the bazaar area. Could you believe it is a 2000 years old bazaar! In ancient time that bazaar was regarded as the largest bazaar in Asia. On Sundays, the bazaar would be busier than other days so it is also known as Sunday Market.
Entrance Fee: Free.
Opening Hours: All day
Public Transportation: Get of the bus at Donghu Gongyuan stop and walk by following cow and sheep herds you will arrive at the Bazaar.
Tips for Bazaar Visiting
The bazaar used to open only on Sundays and now it opens every day. While if one want to see the most bustling market, Sunday is still the best time to visit.

Karakuri Lake
Larakuri Lake lies at foot of Ancestor of iceberg, Muztag Ata. It is 191km form downtown Kashgar and the China-Pakistan High Way pass by the lakefront. The lake is 5 hours walking or camel riding from the Muztag Ata climbing base. Karakuri means Black Sea. The lake has an altitude of 3600 meters and the depth of lake water ranges about 30 meters and it covers an area of 10km2. The lake reflects the shadow of lofty mysterious Muztag Ata. They make up a noble picturesque scenery. The lake and the iceberg have been accompanying each other since their birth.
Entrance Fee: RMB 50 per person
Opening Hours: All day
Public Transportation: Shuttle bus from Kashgar long-distance bus station to Taxian County available every two days.

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