Dunhuang, a national historical and cultural city in Gansu Province, is located at the confluence of Gansu Province, Qinghai Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Because of its special location, Dunhuang was an important point of the trade between China and its neighboring countries in the ancient times. Dunhuang today has become a famous Silk Road city in the western China.
Dunhuang is most renowned for Mogao Grottoes, also called Thousand Buddha Caves. Mogao Grottoes enjoys the fame of China’s Four Great Grottoes together with Maijishan Grottoes in Tianshui, Yungao Grottoes in Datong, and Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang. An explanation about its name is that there is no more great practice than building Mogao Grottoes because “Mo” means “No” and “Gao” means “High” in Chinese. The over 1,500-year-old Grottoes houses lots of precious sculptures, paintings and murals. The other two famous sites in Dunhuang is Echoing-Sand Mountain and Crescent Lake which are recognized as the twin sisters in Gobi desert. Echoing-Sand Mountain got its name from the unique natural phenomenon that the sands make booming sound when people slide down the sand mountain. Crescent Lake of half moon shape is one of the Eight Dunhuang Views since Han Dynasty. It can be called a natural miracle in the immense desert.
It’s very convenient to travel to Dunhuang either by train or plane. The city has its own airport with flight to other popular domestic cities such Beijing, Xian, shanghai, Urumqi, Lanzhou, and Chengdu. It’s more easy if you want to explore other places in Gansu province as important tourist cities are all linked by highways.