The Dunhuang Museum is built in the year 1979 with an area of 2400 square meters, and it is located in the downtown area of Dunhuang City. The museum maily collects and displays the local cultural relics of local area. Generally speaking, the total collection of over 4000 pieces in the museum fall into three sections. The first section mainly exhibits the written sutras from the No.17 cave of the Mogao Caves in Dunhuang. The second section mainly displays the unearthed objects from the tonmbs of the Han Dynasty, the Three Kingdom Period, the Jin Dynasty , the Sui Dynasty, and Tang Dynasty. The third section holds the collection artifacts which illustrate Dunhuang’s flourishing culture in ancient time, including some exquisite silk floret brocade and bamboo slips used for writing.
As an important city on the Silk Road, Dunhuang once was a major trade center in Western China.
Besides the three main exhibition section, the museum also exhibits relics excavated from the local area, such as paper, coins, a model of the Great Wall as it appeared during the Han Dynasty and a torch from one of its beacon towers. There is a special room for the paintings and calligraphy work of well-known artists through the ages. Tourists will see the Buddhist Sutra found in Mogao Grottoes written in Tibetan Language. You can even find unique pieces belonging to the epoch of Great Silk Road.
The exhibition also includes findings from the Great Wall of China, a section of which stretches not far from the city. It collected signal flares, fragments of the wall, maquettes and models of the Great Wall, which allow assessing the whole its splendor.
The Dunhuang Museum reflects the flourishing social development and cultural exchange between China and the West during the time when Dunhuang was a major center along the Silk Road. A trip to the Dunhuang Museum will provide visitors with a greater understanding of the history and culture of the Chinese people and their ancient civilization.