The museum has a collection of over 32 thousand items. These not only represent the ethnic lifestyle and humanity of the region but also illustrate its revolutionary spirit. With such an abundance of items on display, the exhibition is widely acknowledged for its comprehensive and informative nature.
The exhibition relating to folk customs includes costumes, tools and daily necessities. All these displayed objects vividly illustrate each aspect of the colorful life of the 12 minorities living in Xinjiang.
The basic exhibition of Xinjiang Regional Museum falls into two parts: the history and historical relics of Xinjiang and the costume of Xinjiang people. Besides, some special theme exhibitions are also staged now and then, such as the Primary Society of China, the Feudal Gaochang Kingdom from Wei-Jin-South-North period to the Tang Dynasty, the Wonderful Silk Works, the Primary Society of Xianjiang, the Scenery of China, the Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy, the Grotto Paintings of Xinjiang, and the Mummy of Xinjiang. Tourists may have chance to see the Beauty of Loulan, a young lady mummy. One to Xinjiang should never miss the glimpse of mummies in Xianjiang Museum. The unique climate offers the best condition for mummy preservation.
The display of ancient corpses is fantastic, for it was in this region that a great number of ancient and well preserved remains were discovered. These are quite different from the mummies in Egypt that were created by skilled embalming procedures; the corpses here were dried by the particular natural environment. In all there are twenty-one specimens in the collection and include men, women, lovers, and generals. The 'Loulan beauty' is among the best preserved and famous ones. The 'Loulan beauty' has a reddish brown skin, thick eyelashes, charming large eyes, and long hair. This particular 'charming' corpse has survived for an estimated 4,000 years.