Xian Museum in Small Wild Goose Pagoda Scenic Area can be also regarded as historical sites or Chinese garden. The museum was open to public for free in 2010 and is well known for the historical and cultural relics, the neighboring Small Wild Goose Pagoda built in the Tang Dynasty and the Chinese styled garden.
Xian Museum locates at the outside of the South Gate of the ancient City Wall. And it consists of three parts: the historical relics exhibition hall ( the Xian Museum in narrow sense), the historical sites which with Small Wild Goose Pagoda and Jiafu Buddhist Temple as its highlights, and the garden landscape area. A visit to the exhibition hall one will see historical and cultural relics collected and unearthed in and nearby Xian, while the most distinctive ones are the Buddha heads, figures and sculptures because the exhibition hall locates within the Small Wild Goose Pagoda Scenic Area and the the Small Wild Goose Pagoda is just a Buddhist temple.
Small Wild Goose Pagoda was originally built in the other location n the year 684 in the Tang Dynasty. The Pagoda was built by the Emperor Ruizong in memory of his father, the Emperor Gaozong. It used to be a well known royal temple in the Tang Dynasty and the Master Xuanzang used to organized the translation of Buddhist scriptures brought from ancient India. In its peak time, the temple attracted many great monks to study here. They study not only Buddhist cultures but also other advanced culture of the Tang Dynasty. In the end of the Tang Dynasty, the continuous war destroyed the temple. In the later generations, people built a smaller temple in the original pagoda yard of the Jiafu Temple but mane the smaller temple also Jiafu Temple. The existed buildings in Jiafu Temple are mainly built in the Ming and the Qing Dynasty. And an huge bell cast in the Jin Dynasty is another highlight of the temple. “Morning Belling of Goose Pagodas” is one of top eight attractions of Guanzhong Plain.
Small Wild Goose Pagoda lost its spire in an earthquake in the year 1521. In the year 1487, an earthquake of 6.0 magnitude hit Guanzhong Plain and split Small Wild Goose Pagoda into two parts. 34 years after, Guanzhong Plain was hit by earthquake again and the two parts of Small Wild Goose Pagoda got shut again. But the Pagoda lost its top layer after suffering two earthquakes. Some people may are interested in the healing of the two parts of the Pagoda. After the establishment of the new China when repairing Small Wild Goose Pagoda, specialists found the mystery of the Pagoda’s healing. The column foot of the Pagoda is an semi-spheroid shaped rammed-earth structure. So the Small Wild Goose Pagoda just like a tumbler. That kind of column foot ensure the Pagoda still towers after experiencing over 70 earthquakes.