Tiananmen Square locates at the very center of Beijing City and it is the largest center city in the world. The square covers an area of 44 hectares. It is 500 meters wide from east to west and 800 meters from South to north. The ground of the square are paved with light colored granite boulder strips.
The national flag raising ceremony in every morning and the flag lowering ceremony in every evening is the most solemn thing on the Tiananmen Square.
Tiananmen Square is named after the name of Tiananmen Gate of the Forbidden City. Tiananmen Gate was originally built in 1417 in the Ming Dynasty and was named Chengtianmen Gate at first. In the year 1651 of the Qing Dynasty, the gate was repaired and got the current name.
On October 1st, 1944, at the tower on the Tiananmen Gatem Chairman Mao claimed the establishment of People Republic of China and raised the national flag of new China for the first time. From that day on, Tiananmen Gate became the symbolization of new China.
In the center of the Tiananmen Square towers the Monument to the People’s Heroes and the the Memorial hall of Chairman Mao. The west side of the square is the Great Hall of People where the National People’s Congress held. The east side is the Museum of the Chinese Revolution and Museum of Chinese History. The south end of the Tiananmen Square are two ancient Gates of Forbidden City built in 1300s. The two sides of the Tiananmen Gate are lied with People’s park and Zhongshan Park respectively.
Tiananmen Square used to be a royal square in the Ming and the Qing Dynasties. The square used to be circled up and the normal people were not allowed to step in.
In the last century, Tiananmen Square witnessed the invading of foreign troops and resistance of Chinese people. After the establishment of new China, Tiananmen Square is enlarged into the current size and it became the spot of the national military review.