Shaanxi History Museum is located on Cui Hua Road, one kilometer away northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. The museum mainly displays the historical relics excavated inside Shaanxi Province. The unearthed historical artifacts exhibition is divided into different blocks in time order according to dynasties each artifact belongs to. The majors are the Prehistoric Age, the Zhou, the Qin, the Han, the Wei, the Jin, the South and North, the Sui and the Tang, the Song, the Yuan, the Ming and the Qing. Each artifact housed in the museum has an enchanting story. Since Xi’an was established as the national capital city by 13 dynasties or regimes for hundreds of years. To some extent, the ancient history of Shaanxi Province is a microcosm of Chinese History.
The museum covers an area of 65000 square meters of which buildings account to 55600 square meters. The museum has a collection of over 370 thousands various objects from the early primary society to the year 1840. The bronze ware from the Shang and Zhou Dynasties are exquisite beyond compare. The terracotta figures from different dynasties are all in different poses and with different expressions. The gold and silver wares and the Mausoleum murals are beyond comparing.
Xian has been the capital city of ancient China fro over 1000 years of 13 dynasties and kingdoms in Chinese history, including the Zhou, the Qin, the West Han, the Tang, etc. The rich historical relics and profound culture accumulation contribute greatly to the tourism resource to Shaanxi Province, especially to Xian City. And as the largest history museum in Shaanxi, Shaanxi History Museum is regarded as “the Pearl of Xian City” and the “Treasure House of China”.
The collection in the museum can be divided into eight major kinds. The first kind is the bronze wares. There are around 3000 registered bronze wares from the Shang Dynasty to the Han Dynasty. and the wares are in various kinds like sacrificial vessels, musical instruments, weapons, production tools and daily utensils, chariots and horse wares. The most typical ones are Ding, a kind of bronze ware with three or four legs buried with the dead of high social situation in tomb. Usually on the inner face of these Dings are inscribed with text in ancient Chinese character by studying which current people could know many details facts about Chinese history.
The second kind tomb murals from the Tang Dynasty. There are totally over 400 murals and the total area of them accounts to 1000m2. These murals are removed from the 25 tombs in central Shaanxi Province. The master of these tombs are all from royal family or the officials of high levels. The murals are painted with immortal beings, honor guards, buildings, hunting activities, daily life and the diplomatic occasions, and so on. The murals are the helpful materials to study the social life of the Tang Dynasty.
The third kind is terracotta figures from different dynasties. There are more than 2000 registered terracotta figures in Shaanxi History Museum. The figures are from he Qin Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. And the figures are made in the shape of civil and military officials, armed safety guards, male and female servants, the Hu people from west part of China, the tomb guarding animals, animals, etc.
The pottery and porcelain wares of different dynasties that amounts to 5000 objects. The wares have a wide range of time spreading from the primary society to the Song Dynasties. The wares includes daily utensils, stationery, and mortuary objects.
The building materials from the Zhou Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. The collected building materials include tiles, tile ends, bricks, water pipe, carved stone building materials, gold building items.
Bronze mirrors from the Han and the Tang Dynasties. The over 800 mirrors are cast with various patters on back side and some back side are inscribed with good wish words. Gold, silver and jade, wares of over 2000 items. The famous one are: the jade sacrificial objects, the gold unearthed in the tomb of King of the Qin State, the sale of the Empress of the West Han Dynasty, etc.
Currency of different dynasties amounting to 10 thousand pieces. The currencies of different dynasties are make of different materials and various shapes. Such as the shell cash from he West Zhou Dynasty, the knife-shaped iron coins from the Waring Period, and the metal cash from other following dynasties and also some coins cash from foreign countries.
The museum opens from Tuesday to Sunday and the basic exhibition are free for visitors. But in the national holiday even if it is Monday the museum still opens.