The Id Kah Mosque locates at the central of Kashgar City, Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region. As the biggest mosque in China, it houses 2000-3000 worshipers every day and may accommodate up to 6000-7000 every Friday. Every year in Corban Festival, Muslims from every part of Xinjiang gather in this mosque to celebrate all day and night.
It is said that this place was once a cemetery. In the Ming Dynasty, when the ruler of Kashgar Station passed away, a small mosque was built to accompany the his ghost and for the worship to him. That small mosque is the predecessor of today’s Id Kah Mosque. In the following years, Several renovations and enlargements have created it with today’s scale and style. And now the mosque has a total area of 16,800 square meters. The Id Kah Mosque is built with a group of old Islamic constructions with strong ethnic style and religious features.
The Id Kah Mosque is not only a place for religious prayers, it is also a place for educating and culture spreading, especially the spread of Muslim culture. In ancient time, lots of middle and high class clergies had studied and graduated from Id Kah Mosque. And the mosque also cultured many influential poets, artists, historical experts and translators in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Just inside the gate is a big courtyard. In it, the poplar trees reach the sky and the pines grow vigorously like boys and girls in their adolescence. The whole yard is heavily shaded, making you as cool and comfortable as if you were in an air-conditioned environment. A pond with limpid water is a bright mirror enclosed by the green trees. It endows the place with a quiet elegance.
The Hall of Prayer is on a high dais in the west end of the mosque. The roof is held by light blue pillars and all the pillars form a rectangular shape. Around the roof and the pillars are exquisite carvings and beautiful pictures. The brick gate tower faces the Id Kah Square. This tower is full of elaborate flower-pattern carvings, mainly in green.