Provincial Museum is the largest comprehensive museum in Gansu province and one of the best sights of the city. The museum was built in 1956 with an area of 18,000 square meters. With 7,500 square meters of exhibition space, the Museum mainly features five exhibition halls, namely, the Hall of Gansu Historical Relics, the Hall of Gansu Natural Resources, the Hall of Jiayuguan Murals of Wei and Jin Period, the Hall of the Yellow River Ancient Elephants, and the Hall of Red Army's Long March via Gansu.
The Museum boasts 75,000 cultural relics, ranging from natural specimens to historical, revolutionary and national heritages, including Gansu color-painted pottery, and bamboo slips on medication of the Han era, etc. The most famous piece in the collection of Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) bronzes is the Galloping Horse of Wuwei that is accompanied by an impressive array of chariots and carriages.
In addition, the museum is home to precious linen and silk fabrics, books, wooden and bronze vessels, a great many bamboo slips for writing from the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220), frescos and so many other items. A 4-meter-tall Mammoth fossil replica is stored in the museum whose remains were excavated from the Yellow River basin in 1973. Apart from the prehistoric presentations, there are also rare animal exhibits, such as pandas, golden monkeys and red -crowned cranes.
The Hall of Natural Resources exhibits about 1,380 items of real objects as well as models, introducing knowledge on the population, nationality, transportation, climate, animals and plants resources of Gansu Province, etc.
The Hall of Jiayuguan Murals of Wei and Jin Period (220-420) displays over 60 murals on the tomb bricks mainly depicting the daily life of the aristocrats, laboring scenes of the common people, and imperial life. The colorings are well-preserved and still very vivid.
The Hall of the Yellow River Ancient Elephants exhibits a 4-meter-tall and 8-meter-long fossil of the Yellow River Xiphodon mammoth, which is the largest and best-preserved remains of its kind in the world.
The last hall contains revolutionary relics of the Long March, including pictures, documents, and real objects, etc.
The museum closes every Monday (except for the national holidays). And on each opening day, there are free guide interpretation at 9:30am and 3:00pm. Only at that time free interpretation is available. And tourists could gather at the tourist reception waiting for the free interpretation.